Contradictions: women's roles in the Nazi era

In 1933, the National Socialists seized power in Germany and the young democracy was destroyed within the space of a few months. The Nazi ideology restricted the role of women to that of mothers, wives and homemakers. In times characterized by large-scale unemployment, the Nazi authorities demanded, for example, that companies seeking new hires recruit unemployed men and started a campaign against "dual earners" aimed at working married women. A lack of statistics means that it is impossible to determine whether the number of female employees at Allianz actually fell.


”Women at work: marriage and adoption counseling.” The company magazine ”Der Allianz-Adler” spreads the word on Nazi family policies. (1938)

In the company's contemporary publications, women are more present than ever, be it as participants in the 1936 Olympic Games, where Allianz employee Anni Kapp competed in the springboard diving event or as members of the company's various women's sports groups. There was a broad coverage of the political and propagandistic activities of the women's section of the German Labor Front and female members of the Nazi party who organized working groups at Allianz and collected money for the National Socialist Winter Charity Campaign (Winterhilfswerk). After the outbreak of World War Two, more and more women stepped in to replace men who had been sent off to fight in a whole range of functions. At times, women had to continue working past the pensionable age of 60, or were able to continue working based on fixed-term contracts after their retirement. During the war, two thirds of all non-sales positions at a number of Allianz's branches were held by women.

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